To Study the Reporting System of Communicable Diseases in Selected Healthcare Facilities of Bengaluru

Introduction: Surveillance and reporting of communicable disease is an important element to combat against the diseases and to control them. Sending complete and precise reports on time from the hospitals are the main challenges. IDSP is a scheme of surveillance of the disease under the Indian Ministry of Health and Family affairs. Among the 41 healthcare facilities selected for the study, both government and private sector have almost similar compliance rate of 68% and 67% respectively for the reporting system.
Methods: Bengaluru urban and rural districts were considered for the study.  A modified questionnaire and checklist from WHO generic questions were used for the data collection with sample size of 41 HCFs selected randomly using Microsoft excel. 
Results: It was observed that overall comparison of government and private sector healthcare facilities which included rural, urban and BBMP, the compliance rate for the reporting as per the parameters considered in the study was 68% and 67% respectively. Only 32% and 33% of government and private HCFs do not have a well-structured and functioning reporting system.
Conclusion The actual purpose of reporting a specific infectious disease is to trigger an appropriate public health response for the prevention and cure. To be effective, such reporting should be timely and accurate. In this study, it documents that the electronic reporting of the communicable disease surveillance data has improved timeliness and completeness provided there is a proper design, process and the components are constantly in working condition without any barrier.
Keywords: Surveillance, Reporting, IDSP - Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme, HCF - Health Care Facilities, Rural, Urban, Bruhath Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike 
Saturday, August 31, 2019
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